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Noor Zalina Mahmood. From the literature review and initial research among the construction authorities, it was found that refurbishment activities have not looked into by the relevant agencies though Malaysia has embarked on construction for the past 50 years. Therefore, there is an urgent need for Malaysian construction authority and industry to conduct detailed study in refurbishment area specifically on a lack of comprehensive and accurate data on the value number of refurbishment projects in Malaysia and reducing the refurbishment waste generation. Introduction There is no standard definition of refurbishment.

However, according to the Carbon trust , suggested that refurbishment covers a wide range of activities, relatively minor works to very significant changes to the fabric or internal layout of a building. This is supported by Ali et. Refurbishment project is risky, complex and less predictable task within the construction industry Egbu, To meet modern standards, or to meet changing demands of buildings such as hotels, offices, airport terminals, retail premises, leisure and entertainment facilities and educational and health care buildings.

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The upgrading in standards as conversion to new uses, of the whole or parts of industrial buildings, with production continuing in the area or adjacent areas. Rearrangement of public service facilities with stringent operational safety requirements, such as railway stations both surface and underground , where the provisions of the service must be continued during refurbishment. The conversion of buildings by extant use such as warehouse, mills, abandoned railway stations, large residential properties to new uses, such as hotels, offices, exhibition halls and residential apartments.

However, according to Baker , the author mentioned that, there are many instances when refurbishment is considered as an alternative to the demolition and new build. This could be reasonable only on economic grounds, or the advantage offered by new building could be considered to justify the extra cost. However, the author also mentioned that there are two more non-economic factors should be considered which are the environmental impact and the socioeconomic impact. Initially, the environmental impact of refurbishment will almost always be less than demolition and new build.

This is because all the materials carry embodied energy — to replace them cause new carbon emissions. Furthermore, the demolition process and waste disposal All rights reserved. No part of contents of this paper may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without the written permission of Trans Tech Publications, www. ID: The second consideration is about social benefit and employment.

Generally, refurbishment carries a higher proportion of labor cost than new build. For example, the repair of a concrete structure and the cleaning of concrete finishes will direct money to tradesmen that in the case of new build would go to investors in concrete and steel manufacture. In fact, contrast in term of the resources, Power , found that a new home uses four to eight times more resources than an equivalent refurbishment. This is because most of the building mass and structural elements in an existing property are already there and only rarely need replacing.

Refurbishment in Malaysia Nowadays, the trend of refurbishment is becoming a popular activity in Malaysia construction industry, although this activity had grown rapidly in the United Kingdom for the last 30 years Ali et al. It emphasises the need for an integrated approach by showing how refurbishment measures interact with one another and with the occupants, and how performance is ultimately influenced by this interaction. Search all titles. Search all titles Search all collections. Your Account Logout. By Baker Nick. Edition 1st Edition. Please add what you updated playing when this everything took up and the Cloudflare Ray ID saved at the peel of this feature.

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The Handbook of Sustainable Refurbishment: Volume 1: Non-Domestic Buildings - Nick V. Baker

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